Pain management with special medications

Thinking about using a medication to treat pain? Find the information about pain-killers, medicines applied to cope with various types of pain.

Pain can be a discomfort or unpleasant physical experience acquired due to actual or potential tissue damage. It can be permanent standing all the time even if a person receives the treatment. Pain can also be acute and breakthrough caused by severe damage.

Uncontrollable pain is poorly or badly managed sensations in which nervous system of a person does not respond to the treatment.

Pain control is a matter of professional activities of doctors. People should not treat themselves if they experience chronic or acute pain. Mistreated or undertreated pain can lead to depressive states, sleeping problems, poor physical and mental functioning.

If you cannot tolerate pain, then the visit to a doctor is the first step for you to make. The control over pain should be started with proper medical assessment, investigating the reasons and finding the correct treatment.

A doctor should have an idea where the pain is located, its duration, speed, character, factors which facilitate it or aggravate it. The impact of the pain on the daily routine of a person should be also evaluated to put the correct objectives in the therapy.

The successful medical therapy of pain is founded on selecting the appropriate medicine at the correct dosage and balancing efficacy against side effects.

For instance, the analgesic properties of the medicines used to relief pain in cancer patients are much greater than of the medicines used to treat common headaches.

The formulation of the medicine can also have a great effect on the result of the treatment. Some people find tablets the best way, others prefer sublingual pills, others are recommended to apply sprays.

In most cases oral analgesics are prescribed first-line. The treatment of pain can be corrected with respect to the response of a patient, occurrence of side effects, general effectiveness of the chosen therapy.

First –line medicines are called non-opioid analgesics including aspirin, paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs.

If they are not effective then the treatment may be corrected to mild opioids (codeine, dihydrocodeine) and in severe cases to higher degree of analgesia strong opioids (morphine, fentanyl).

In certain individual cases doctors adjust mixes of opioids with non-opioids to get the best treatment outcomes.

Specialists suggestions and recommendations should be followed to avoid any side effects which are possible with long-term use of any of the pain-killers.

Among the main side-effects of all medicines used for pain treatment there is nausea, vomiting, constipation, drowsiness.

Anaesthetics can be applied locally in forms of gels, creams or sprays. Such forms are useful in neuralgias, scar pains, intercostal neuralgia, shoulder or muscle pains.

Local medicines often combine with tablets especially for chronic pain.

Injections of analgetics are used in severe cases when pain gets worse with time or is of acute character.

Electrical nerve stimulation may be a choice for people who cannot use tablets or suffer from allergies to the components in the medicines.